Hadithism, stems from the belief that the Qur’an Alone does not suffice as a guide for mankind to travel along the straight path back towards Allah, and that in actuality it requires the Qur’an plus countless volumes of books called hadith, along with various other supplemental sources, just to be able to comprehend the Qur’an and make proper use of it. All Muslims believe in the infinite power, wisdom, and creative ability of Allah, Most High. All Muslims believe that He Alone was capable of constructing all that exists in the heavens and the earth in six days (in other words six phases) without the least bit of help from mankind. Despite this, very few believe Allah to be capable of authoring the most comprehensive guide to living in harmony with the System and Order of Allah in the form of a simple book, written in a clear and concise format, and in a language that convey the message in the most comprehensive way.
Some have adopted an extreme position by claiming that the Qur’an is far too complex for the average mind to make sense of, and that the average laymen is more likely to mislead himself as well as all of the other uneducated masses, so Allah designated an elite class of people who are to be the sole interpreters of the Qur’an while maintaining a complete monopoly over the system employed in the process of interpretation and translation into other languages. The scholars are made into Lords, and serve as the defacto gateway that all must pass through on their way to divine knowledge and wisdom, when in fact it is the clergy who act as nothing but filters of knowledge by determining what is “useful knowledge” and what is not. All interpretations must pass the litmus test of the hadith scholars who are self-appointed “experts on religion” (religion is not the same as deen), their rulings, and opinions. Hadithists are following in the footsteps of the Former Peoples (Jews & Christians).
9.Surah At-Tawbah (Verse 31)
اتَّخَذُوا أَحْبَارَهُمْ وَرُهْبَانَهُمْ أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا إِلَٰهًا وَاحِدًاۖ لَّا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَۚ سُبْحَانَهُ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah, and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to serve one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.
9.Surah At-Tawbah (Verse 32)
يُرِيدُونَ أَن يُطْفِئُوا نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَيَأْبَى اللَّهُ إِلَّا أَن يُتِمَّ نُورَهُ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ
They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah refuses except to perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it.
For this very same reason, it is forbidden that any laymen should even utter the slightest utterance in reference to the meaning of the Qur’an. None should speak on the Qur’an unless they are a member of the elite class, or one of their students. These are the only people who are authorized to speak about the Qur’an. Anyone not belonging to either of the aforementioned groups risks being ostracized in this life as well as going to Hell in the next should he/she happen to misinterpret, mistranslate, misunderstand, express an opinion about, or implement anything found between the pages of the Qur’an without first verifying its correctness with a Board Certified Scholar of Islam.
The Hadithist Sect is comprised of two smaller sub-sects which have renamed themselves according to their sectarian viewpoints, one of which goes by Ahlus Sunnah wa Al-Jama’ah (The People of the Sunnah and the Community / Sunni Islam), and the other by Ash-Shi’atu Ali or Ash-Shi’atu Ahlul Bayt (Supporters of Ali / People of the House (of the Prophet) Shi’i Islam). From there these two sects splinter off into other smaller sects, having only one thing in common between them all, and that is their reliance upon Hadith literature to interpret the Qur’an and to enact laws. Each sect has its own exclusive set of Hadith books which they use for this very purpose.
This, despite the fact that in many places throughout the Qur’an Allah clearly forbids the mixing of other teachings with that of the Qur’an, and commands that the Qur’an be made the sole authority in matters of Deen. Hadithist usually counter this argument with ayats such as 4:59, which commands all Muslims to obey Allah, the Messenger, and those in authority among them:
4.Surah An-Nisā’ (Verse 59)
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْۖ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا
O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.
The Interpretation of “Obey Allah & His Messenger”
For Hadithists, this ayat is interpreted in the following way:
1). Obey Allah = Obey the Qur’an.
2). Obey the Messenger = Obey the Hadith.
3). Obey those in authority (Ulu Al-Amr) among you = Obey the Caliph / Imam / Scholars / Clergy (Ahbār).
4). The common belief among the Hadithists is that the words “those in authority” are used to refer to the elite class, people such as scholars, socio-political leaders, various nobilities, and according to some, even dictators are included among “those in authority”, which is obviously not based upon any Qur’anic injunction, rather it is based upon untrustworthy, man-made collections of hadith.
Those who have accepted the Qur’an Alone as their sole source of guidance in matters pertaining to Deen (Universal System and Order of Allah known simply as Islam (Peace/Submission)) reject the Hadithist interpretation of this ayat, because it is inconsistent with the Qur’an as a whole. When understood from a purely Qur’anic perspective it looks more like this:
1). Obey Allah = Obey the Qur’an
2). Obey the Messenger = Obey the model of the Messenger as defined in the Qur’an, not the example as defined in Hadith or sources other than Qur’an. Therefore, to obey the messenger would mean that one must follow the same QUR’ANIC System of Judgment that was enjoined by Allah UPON ALL PROPHETS and their followers with respect to their authorized religious texts. Never, in the history of mankind has Allah permitted or commanded His servants to seek judgments from sources outside of their revealed texts. We do not find any mention of a Sunnah that is to be followed, nor any mention of a book that is to be used in conjunction with the revealed books of Allah, and that is an undeniable fact based upon the Qur’an itself.
3). Obey those in authority (Ulu Al-Amr) among you = Obedience to those who urge the people towards acts of righteousness and obedience to the divine laws, as detailed for us in the Qur’an. Outside of this, there is no other recognized authority in the Deen of Islam. The same applies to any man-made clerical hierarchies, titles, ranks, or positions that have been authorized by man, but not by the Qur’an.
4). All matters of dispute are to be settled using the Qur’an Alone. We are to submit to the ruling just as the Prophets submitted to it. The words “obey Allah and obey the Messenger” does not mean that there are two separate entities, both of which we must obey in different aspects of Deen. In reality, it means to obey Allah by obeying the instructions detailed in the Qur’an as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, which he delivered word-for-word to mankind without adding anything of his own.
Obey Allah and the Messenger summed up in one ayat…
4:127 And they request from you, [O Muhammad], a [legal] ruling concerning women. Say, ” Allah gives you a ruling about them and what has been recited to you in the Book…
1). They came to the Prophet for a ruling…
2). Allah responds with “Say… Allah gives you a ruling about them…”. The ruling came from Allah, not the Messenger…
3). The ruling is revealed as a part of the Qur’an, and made public so that people can see the question and the response.
This theme is repeated in the Qur’an…
“And they ask you about…, Say…”
This is OBEYING ALLAH ==> & <== THE MESSENGER
Islam vs. Taghut
Most people who argue in favor of Hadith using 4:59 never seem to notice the ayat that immediately follows it…
4.Surah An-Nisā’ (Verse 60)
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ يُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَحَاكَمُوا إِلَى الطَّاغُوتِ وَقَدْ أُمِرُوا أَن يَكْفُرُوا بِهِ وَيُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَن يُضِلَّهُمْ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا
Have you not seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you? They wish to refer legislation to Taghut, while they were commanded to reject it; and Satan wishes to lead them far astray.
When we read 4:59-60 together we see a comparison made between the system proposed by Allah (Islam), and any system devoid of the Qur’anic System of Judgment (Taghut). This alone is enough to tell us that Allah, the Messenger, and those in authority among us all represent the same Qur’anic System. Allah is the source of the legislation, the Messenger delivers the legislation to the people, and those in authority are those who uphold the Pure Qur’anic System, not those who uphold systems based on something other than Qur’an. Those systems are called Taghut and we have been commanded to reject those systems outright, but there is no harm in obeying reasonable laws in society that do not conflict with Qur’an. This is the Sunnah (established way, method, pattern, or system) of Allah that does not change, ever.
I have yet to see anyone refute the following argument which proves without a doubt that Islam does not sanction blind-following (taqleed) nor the reliance of sources of Law outside of Qur’an:
Most Hadithists do not know that the only Sunnahs mentioned in the Qur’an are the…
1). Sunnah of Allah
2). Sunnah of the former peoples (Al-Awwaleen)
35.Surah Fāţir (Verse 43)
اسْتِكْبَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَكْرَ السَّيِّئِۚ وَلَا يَحِيقُ الْمَكْرُ السَّيِّئُ إِلَّا بِأَهْلِهِۚ فَهَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا سُنَّتَ الْأَوَّلِينَۚ فَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًاۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَحْوِيلًا
[Due to] arrogance in the land and plotting of evil; but the evil plot does not encompass except its own people. Then do they await except the Sunnah of the Former Peoples (Al-Awwaleen)? But you will never find in the Sunnah of Allah any change, and you will never find in the Sunnah of Allah any alteration.
Allah makes it clear that He has an established way or Sunnah which never changes, never deviates, never alters, and that the same end result which was experienced by the former peoples will revisit us if we follow in their footsteps.
9.Surah At-Tawbah (Verse 39)
إِلَّا تَنفِرُوا يُعَذِّبْكُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا وَيَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ وَلَا تَضُرُّوهُ شَيْئًاۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah is over all things competent.
The Sunnah of Allah towards His Prophets:
33.Surah Al-’Aĥzāb (Verse 38)
مَّا كَانَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ مِنْ حَرَجٍ فِيمَا فَرَضَ اللَّهُ لَهُۖ سُنَّةَ اللَّهِ فِي الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلُۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ قَدَرًا مَّقْدُورًا
There is not to be upon the Prophet any discomfort concerning that which Allah has imposed upon him. [This is] the established Sunnah of Allah with those [prophets] who have passed on before. And ever is the command of Allah a destiny decreed.
3.Surah ‘Āli `Imrān (Verse 79)
مَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُؤْتِيَهُ اللَّهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ لِلنَّاسِ كُونُوا عِبَادًا لِّي مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِن كُونُوا رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ
It is not for a human [prophet] that Allah should give him the Scripture and authority and prophethood and then he would say to the people, “Be servants to me rather than Allah,” but [instead, he would say], “Be pious scholars of the Lord because of what you have taught of the Scripture and because of what you have studied.
New Sunnah, same as the Old Sunnah:
33.Surah Al-’Aĥzāb (Verse 62)
سُنَّةَ اللَّهِ فِي الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلُۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّةِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا
[This is] the established Sunnah of Allah with those who passed on before; and you will not find in the Sunnah of Allah any change.
Therefore, the way that Allah has done in the past will always be the way He will do in the future and there are no exceptions to this rule anywhere in the Heavens or on Earth.
2). Allah sent Prophets/Messengers as warners and bringers of glad tidings and with books by which they and those who followed them were to judge by. The Prophets as well as those who followed them were not permitted to judge by anything other than the revealed book of Allah (Torah, Injeel, Qur’an, etc.). Never in the history were the people commanded to combine the teachings from the book of Allah with either the Sunnah of a Prophet, nor teachings found in sectarian religious texts written by men without the authority from Allah. Allah does not vouch for any book or source of guidance other than His own revealed scriptures. That is a fact.
All Prophets served Allah according the guidelines laid out for them in their holy books and were commanded to judge by the Book and nothing but the Book. Those who followed the Prophets were to do the same and were given revelations in the form of books which contained guidance and instruction for them. This is the Sunnah of Allah and it does not change.
Surah 5:43-50 lays it out clearly for all to see. These are the only ayats one needs to refute the claim of anyone who says Hadith are required to correctly follow the Qur’an. We will examine them one-by-one.
The Torah (Al-Tawrāh)
5:43 But how is it that they come to you for judgement while they have the Torah, in which is the judgement of Allah? Then they turn away, [even] after that; but those are not [in fact] believers.
Note: According to the sects, Christians and Jews will not be allowed to enter Paradise unless they accept Islam, but Allah tells the Jews to continue to refer to their book. Notice, there is no mention of the other books the Jews refer to such as the Talmud. The Jews were condemned in Surah 2:100-101 for doing what many Muslims are doing today, namely combining the teachings of man-made texts with that of the Revealed Book.
5:44 Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to Allah ] judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah , and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the disbelievers.
Note: Allah says the Prophets of Israel, the Rabbis and Scholars all judged according to the same book. Why do we not see that they referred to the Sunnah of their Prophets for Judgment? Why does Allah say that anyone who judges by something other than his revealed books are disbelievers if this is the accepted way among our Ummah? Did Allah change His Sunnah?
5:45 And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
Note: The context here is clearly about the Torah and nothing else. Those among the Jews who judged by something other than the Torah, are not only disbelievers, but also wrongdoers (Zhalimeen).
The Injeel (Gospel)
5:46 And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.
Note: Those who follow Jesus, were given the Injeel, which confirmed (not abrogated) the Torah. It contained guidance for proper living and instructions. Did Allah give them another man-made book to go along with the Injeel? No.
5:47 And let the People of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed therein. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.
Note: Allah tells the living (at the time) Prophet to tell those who follow the Injeel that they are to seek their judgments “from what Allah has revealed therein” in the Injeel, indicating that not all of the book is from Allah, yet He still allows them to judge by WHAT ALLAH REVEALED in the text. They were not permitted to judge by those parts that did not come from Allah. How were they to know the difference? The following ayats will give us the answer. Allah states that those who did not comply are defiantly disobedient.
The Qur’an (The Reading)
5:48 And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.
Note: Allah revealed the Qur’an confirming the previous scriptures. Therefore, the way to know what came from Allah in those books and what didn’t is by comparing what is written therein to the Qur’an. Allah goes further to say that we are all being tested “by what He has given you”. In other words, texts such as the Talmud, books of Hadith, etc. are a means of testing who is true and who is not. This is confirmed for us in Surah 6:112-114.
5:49 And judge, [O Muhammad], between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations and beware of them, lest they tempt you away from some of what Allah has revealed to you. And if they turn away – then know that Allah only intends to afflict them with some of their [own] sins. And indeed, many among the people are defiantly disobedient.
Note: Here, Allah tells the Prophet to be wary of the people and to be careful not to allow himself to be “tempted away from what Allah has revealed to him” by making personal judgments that would be pleasing to them, rather than by referring to Qur’an. This is confirmed in Surah 17:73-74 and in 5:43.
5:50 Then is it the judgement of [the time of] ignorance they desire? But who is better than Allah in judgement for a people who are certain [in faith].
Note: Finally, Allah exposes the motives of those who would rather seek judgment from other than what Allah has revealed in His books. They wish to do so, in order to return to the system of judgment of the time of ignorance, prior to Islam.
This is a solid refutation from the Qur’an itself. Those who insist on relying upon hadith or other sources than Qur’an should know full well what it is they are proposing, which is the System of Taghut, the antithesis of Qur’an.
Is not Allah sufficient for His Servant? And [yet], they threaten you with those [they worship] other than Him. And whoever Allah leaves astray – for him there is no guide. 39:36
Salaam & Allah knows best!