In the Name of Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Allah.
Bashar / Al-Bashar (بشر / البشر)
This chapter will focus on the real word for Human/Mankind in the Qur’an which, contrary to popular opinion, is not Al-Insān, Al-Ins, or Al-Nās. The real word for human/mankind is ‘Basharan’ / ‘Al-Bashar’.
Ba-Shiin-Ra = Skin / Pare / Strip / Skin Contact / Epidermis (or insides) Complexion / Hue-> Delicacy, fineness of Beauty / Elegance of form / Bright cheerful countenance, Rejoiced / Rejoicing / Good, good tidings, glad tidings / Announcements (bearer of), proclaiming, commencement, beginnings of anything / Indications / Streaks (daylight breaking, wind over land) Conducting, managing affairs personally. Lie with, to go in unto. Mankind, Human beings, Lowest /basest / meanest sort of people, Perfect man (combining gentleness with strength).
15:28 And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the Malā’ikah/Angels, “I will create a human being (Basharan) out of clay from an altered black mud.
18:11 Say, “I am only ‘Bashar’ like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the service of his Lord anyone.”
All Prophets / Messengers and the People they were sent to were Bashar/Human
14:11 Their messengers said to them, “We are only ‘Bashar’ like you, but Allah confers favor upon whom He wills of His servants. It has never been for us to bring you evidence except by permission of Allah . And upon Allah let the believers rely.
17:94 And what prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them except that they said, “Has Allah sent a Bashar/Human as messenger?”
26:154 “You are but only Bashar/Human like us. Then bring us a sign if you are of the truthful.”
26:186 “You are only Bashar/Human like us and verily, we think that you are one of the liars!
“The Spirit” visits Mary in the form of a bashar/human being
19:17 And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Spirit (Ruh), and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned human being / basharan sawiyyan
The Qur’an contains warnings and reminders for Al-Bashar/Humanity.
74:31 And mention of the Fire is not but a reminder to humanity (Al-Bashar)
74:36 As a warning to humanity (Al-Bashar)
Allah says He dispersed Bashar throughout the Earth
30:20 And of His signs is that He created you from dust; then, suddenly you were Bashar dispersing
Allah gave only Bashar the Scripture, Authority, and Prophethood
3:7 It is not acceptable for a human/bashar that Allah should give him the Scripture and Authority and Prophethood and then he would say to the people, “Be servants to me rather than Allah ,” but [instead, he would say], “Be pious scholars of the Lord because of what you have taught of the Scripture and because of what you have studied.”
42:53 And it is not for any Bashar that Allah should speak to him except by revelation or from behind a partition or that He sends a messenger to reveal, by His permission, what He wills. Indeed, He is Most High and Wise.
Bashar vs. Malak
12:31 … And when they saw him, they greatly admired him and cut their hands and said, “Perfect is Allah ! This is not a Bashar; this is none but a noble Malak.”
17:94 And what prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them except that they said, “Has Allah sent a Bashar-Messenger?”
17:95 Say, “If there were upon the earth Malā’ikah walking securely, We would have sent down to them from the heaven a Malak-Messenger (Malikan-Rasūlan).”
Note: If the word Al-Jinn referred to a non-human species of creature, then Allah would have sent down to earth a messenger who was a Jinn, specifically for the Jinn, from among themselves. However, since Allah has already made it clear to us (3:7, 42:53) that the only species to receive Scripture, Authority, and Prophecy are Bashar, then that would mean that in order for the Qur’an to apply to the Jinn, they must also be Bashar, or else the Torah, Injeel, and the Qur’an would not have been directed towards them.
46.Surah Al-‘Aĥqāf (Verse 29)
وَإِذْ صَرَفْنَا إِلَيْكَ نَفَرًا مِّنَ الْجِنِّ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقُرْآنَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرُوهُ قَالُوا أَنصِتُواۖ فَلَمَّا قُضِيَ وَلَّوْا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِم مُّنذِرِينَ
And [mention, O Muhammad], when We directed to you a few of the jinn, listening to the Qur’an. And when they attended it, they said, “Listen attentively.”And when it was concluded, they went back to their people as warners.
46.Surah Al-‘Aĥqāf (Verse 30)
قَالُوا يَا قَوْمَنَا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا كِتَابًا أُنزِلَ مِن بَعْدِ مُوسَىٰ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ يَهْدِي إِلَى الْحَقِّ وَإِلَىٰ طَرِيقٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
They said, “O our people, indeed we have heard a [recited] Book revealed after Moses confirming what was before it which guides to the truth and to a straight path.
46.Surah Al-‘Aĥqāf (Verse 31)
يَا قَوْمَنَا أَجِيبُوا دَاعِيَ اللَّهِ وَآمِنُوا بِهِ يَغْفِرْ لَكُم مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمْ وَيُجِرْكُم مِّنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
O our people, respond to the Caller [i.e., Messenger] of Allah and believe in him; He [i.e., Allah] will forgive for you your sins and protect you from a painful punishment.
Bashar (Humans) are made from water
25:54 And it is He who has created from water a Bashar being and made him into a lineage and marriage. And ever is your Lord competent
Bashar (Humans) are made from dust
30:20 And of His signs is that He created you from dust; then, suddenly you were human beings (Bashar) dispersing
A Question for the Supernaturalists
And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the differences in YOUR languages and colors. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge. [30:22]
وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ مَنَامُكُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَابْتِغَاؤُكُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَسْمَعُونَ
Quesion: Who is the word “YOUR” referring to in the ayat above?
Let’s examine the context. If we go a few ayats back to look at the context, you will see who Allah is addressing here:
30.Surah Ar-Rūm (Verse 20)
وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَنتُم بَشَرٌ تَنتَشِرُونَ
And of His signs is that He created YOU from dust; then, suddenly YOU were…
==> human beings (Basharan) <== dispersing
Note: Notice, the words Al-Insān, Al-Ins, and Al-Nās or any other word that is normally used to refer to Adam’s lineage specifically is not mentioned here.
Allah sent down the Qur’an for all of mankind, which includes the Adamite and non-Adamite (Jinn) races. Since both the Prophet and the Qur’an were sent to warn the Al-Ins and Al-Jinn, then it is only logical that the words ‘YOU’ and ‘YOUR’ in these ayats are intended for any and every human being who may happen to read or come into contact with the Qur’an, except where Allah addresses a specific group.
In other words, Allah sent the Qur’an down to the Prophet so that he could call all of people of the world to abandon religions and return back to the System and Order (Deen) of Allah as His Honored Servants. All throughout the Qur’an we see how Allah addresses the Ins and the Jinn together. As a matter of fact, as a clue, Allah even revealed Surah Al-Rahmān in a way which clearly shows Allah addressing two distinct groups of people throughout the entire chapter.
55.Surah Ar-Raĥmān (Verse 14)
خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِن صَلْصَالٍ كَالْفَخَّارِ
He created Al-Insān from clay like pottery.
55.Surah Ar-Raĥmān (Verse 15)
وَخَلَقَ الْجَانَّ مِن مَّارِجٍ مِّن نَّارٍ
And He created Al-Jānn from a smokeless flame of fire.
55.Surah Ar-Raĥmān (Verse 16)
فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ
So which of the favors of your Lord (Rabba-kumā) would you deny (tu-kadh-dhibān)?
The appendages ‘-kumā‘ (Rabba-kumā) and ‘-ān‘ (tu-kadh-dhibān) are expressions of duality.
There are two, count ’em, two races of humans on earth. I will show you.
In the ayat above, Allah addresses the target audiences (Jinn and Ins) using the words ‘YOU’ and ‘YOUR’, clearly addressing whoever happens to hear the message. This would mean that the Jinn are Bashar, or else it would be like saying that the Qur’an was not revealed in its entirety for them, just certain parts. If that is the case, why would Allah reveal such a book that could not be applied by anyone who in search of guidance and the Straight Path.
In the very same ayat, He addresses the exact same people (Ins and Jinn) same target audience as before, calling them ‘Bashar”, meaning human being. We also see the command from Allah to the Prophet, telling him to say: “I am a human being (Bashar) like you.”
Basharan is the Qur’anic word for human being. It’s a general label for all humans, regardless of whether or not they came from Adam. When Allah addresses the Adamites specifically, He addresses them by the following names:
1). Al-Insān, pl. Al-Ins
3). Bani Adam
The names above denote a race of man within humanity. Bashar is a name for all humans, whether they came from Adam or not. The names above do not mean human.
Question: If Adam was the first and only human being and all humans came from him than why does Allah have one word for humans as a whole, and another word to denote a specific race of man within humanity?
The above ayats tell us that the word ‘Bashar’ used in the Qur’an denotes a human being living on Earth. There is no mention of the word Bashar outside of Earth except when Allah mentions His intention to create a ‘Bashar’, Adam, to serve Allah as His representative on Earth and the Successor to the former peoples (Al-Awwaleen). Bashar have physical bodies made from Earth elements such as dirt/dust (Turab) and water (Mā). They procreate through sex. The word Bashar is used in reference to all people whether male, female, child, or adult. It is also not an exclusive title of Adam or his Progeny.
All Prophets were commanded to announce themselves as “Bashar (Human) like you”. The People who the Prophets were sent to were also called Bashar. There were people who rejected their Prophets, calling them “Human Beings (Bashar) like us”. The Qur’an was sent containing warnings for Humanity (Al-Bashar).
There is no mention in the Qur’an of any beings outside human beings who are referred to as Al-Ins and Al-Jinn to whom were sent Bashar messengers.
17:95 Say, “If there were upon the earth angels walking securely, We would have sent down to them from the heaven an angel [as a] messenger.”
TO ALLAH BELONGS ALL KNOWLEDGE!