بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
The story of Adam vs. Iblis is narrated in the Qur’an as follows:
2.Surah Al-Baqarah (Verse 30)
وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةًۖ قَالُوا أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَن يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاءَ وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَۖ قَالَ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the Malā’ikah, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority (Khalifah).”
They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” He [Allah] said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”
Khalifah: successor, or generations of man, one following another.
The predecessor to Al-Insān (Adam/Adamite/Modern Man) on earth was another race of men (bashar), otherwise known as the Jinn, among whom was Iblees. The majority of them were wicked, and Allah destroyed them, all except a few.
When Allah announced to the Malā’ikah that He would establish a new succession (Khilāfah) on earth, the Malā’ikah recalled the corruption, the bloodshed and the disbelief of prior succession (Khilāfah) of the Jinn, and worried that history would repeat itself, even with this new and improved prototype, called Al-Insān.
Allah counters with
“Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”
Al-Insān (Modern Man) was created with a number of improvements over the prior version. These include the following:
1). Nature of Allah (Fitrah)
30.Surah Ar-Rūm (Verse 30)
فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًاۚ فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَاۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
So direct your face toward the System (deen), inclining to truth, the fitrah (inherent nature) of Allah upon which He has created Al-Nās. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct System, but most of Al-Nās does not know.
Note: ‘Al-Nās’ is a name used specifically for the Adamite Population and is not applied to the Jinn. The Jinn Population is referred to in the Qur’an using the word ‘Al-Jinnah’. See Surah 114, ayat 6 for an example:
114.Surah An-Nās (Verse 6)
مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ
From among the Jinn Population (min Al-Jinnati) and the Adamite Population (wa Al-Nāsi).”
2). Physical upgrades
76.Surah Al-‘Insān (Verse 28)
نَّحْنُ خَلَقْنَاهُمْ وَشَدَدْنَا أَسْرَهُمْۖ وَإِذَا شِئْنَا بَدَّلْنَا أَمْثَالَهُمْ تَبْدِيلًا
We have created them and strengthened ‘asra-hum’ (their forms, ligaments, joints, etc.), and when We will, We can change their likenesses with [complete] alteration.
3). Intelligence and learning capacity
Adam represented an advanced prototype of human being, one who exhibited a higher learning capacity and intelligence over the previous versions of humanity.
2.Surah Al-Baqarah (Verse 31)
وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الْأَسْمَاءَ كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ عَرَضَهُمْ عَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ فَقَالَ أَنبِئُونِي بِأَسْمَاءِ هَٰؤُلَاءِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
And He taught Adam the names – all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.”
It is also clear in this ayat below that the learning capacity of Adam had exceeded that of the Malā’ikah.
2.Surah Al-Baqarah (Verse 32)
قَالُوا سُبْحَانَكَ لَا عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَاۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ
They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”
2.Surah Al-Baqarah (Verse 33)
قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنبِئْهُم بِأَسْمَائِهِمْۖ فَلَمَّا أَنبَأَهُم بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَأَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ
He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.“
Who were those among the Malā’ikah that were concealing something, and what were they concealing? The words
“…and what you have concealed.”
is directed towards a group as can be seen in the choice of words
“you (kuntum – plural) concealed (taktumūn – plural)”
in the plural sense. It is at this moment that Allah would test the loyalty of the Malā’ikah by commanding them to show complete subservience to Adam.
The Malā’ikah then divided into camps and a dispute ensued. Allah’s decision to install Adam as the Khaleefah on earth led to a revolt in the heavenly community:
38.Surah Şād (Verse 69)
مَا كَانَ لِيَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ بِالْمَلَإِ الْأَعْلَىٰ إِذْ يَخْتَصِمُونَ
I had no knowledge of the exalted assembly when they were disputing.
38.Surah Şād (Verse 70)
إِن يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ إِلَّا أَنَّمَا أَنَا نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ
It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear warner.”
38.Surah Şād (Verse 71)
إِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي خَالِقٌ بَشَرًا مِّن طِينٍ
[So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay.
38.Surah Şād (Verse 72)
فَإِذَا سَوَّيْتُهُ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِي فَقَعُوا لَهُ سَاجِدِينَ
So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My Rūh (spirit, animating life force), then lower yourselves, yielding to him.”
38.Surah Şād (Verse 73)
فَسَجَدَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ أَجْمَعُونَ
So the Malā’ikah yielded – all of them entirely,
38.Surah Şād (Verse 74)
إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ اسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ
Except Iblees; he was arrogant and became of those who disbelieved (Kāna min Al-Kāfireen).
Pause: Notice the following in the ayats above:
1). Allah addresses the Malā’ikah and commands them to yield to Adam.
2). Allah says they all yielded except Iblees, who was of the Jinn in terms of creation, but was also one of the Malā’ikah, which shows that the Malā’ikah are not a species of creation.
3). When Iblees refused, he became of those who disbelieved (min Al-Kāfireen). Who were those who disbelieved?
4). According to the Qur’an, the Malā’ikah represent a unique class (not species) of beings. Most likely from various walks of life and various species of creation. They do as they are commanded, but this is not due to a lack of free will, but rather out of fear of Allah:
66.Surah At-Taĥrīm (Verse 6)
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ
O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded.
16.Surah An-Naĥl (Verse 50)
يَخَافُونَ رَبَّهُم مِّن فَوْقِهِمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ۩
They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.
Therefore, if a Malak is defined as a heavenly being, one who obeys Allah’s command without question, then Iblees and those with him disqualified themselves by disobeying a command from Allah:
18.Surah Al-Kahf (Verse 50)
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِۗ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِي وَهُمْ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّۚ بِئْسَ لِلظَّالِمِينَ بَدَلًا
And [mention] when We said to the Malā’ikah, “Yield to Adam,” and they yielded, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn, thus he departed from the command of his Lord…
Iblees and those with him were then stripped of their positions, titles, and ranks, and were rendered as nothing more than merely Jinn. They were exiled from Paradise. These are what are referred to in the Bible as the Fallen Angels.
2.Surah Al-Baqarah (Verse 34)
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰ وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ
And [mention] when We said to the Malā’ikah, “Yield before Adam”; so they yielded, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers (kāna min Al-Kāfireen).
Again, Allah tells us through His choice of wording that there was a group of Malā’ikah, among whom was a Malak who later became known as Iblees, and that these Malā’ikah became disbelievers because of their refusal to yield to Adam.
As we mentioned in the previous chapter, the word ‘Al-Jinn’ is the plural of ‘Al-Jānn’. Thus, the Surah 18:50 is saying that there was a group of beings called the Jinns (Al-Jinn), they rebelled against Allah and Iblees was a leader among them. It is presumed that these Jinn were the righteous who survived the destruction of the Jinn prior to the creation of Adam, and we have discovered their remains from billions of years ago all across the world.
Allah then says:
“…Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange.” 18:50
The ayat above clearly depicts the Jinn as men with offspring and a lineage. The supernaturalists, those who believe the Jinn to be supernatural beings (spirits, aliens, etc.) have no way around this one. How does a human being take precaution against taking someone or something as an ally that either lives in outer space, in a parallel dimension, or is unseen with the exception of Allah who is unseen, yet omnipresent and omnipotent? These descendants of Iblees that Allah speaks of are human beings, not spirits, demons, etc.
Allah replaced the Jinn with Al-Ins
The Sunnah of Allah does not change:
33.Surah Al-‘Aĥzāb (Verse 62)
سُنَّةَ اللَّهِ فِي الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلُۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّةِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا
[This is] the Sunnah (established way) of Allah with those who passed on before; and you will not find in the way of Allah any change.
If a people do not uphold their commitment to serve Allah, they will be replaced with another people who will happily serve Allah:
9.Surah At-Tawbah (Verse 39)
إِلَّا تَنفِرُوا يُعَذِّبْكُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا وَيَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ وَلَا تَضُرُّوهُ شَيْئًاۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah is over all things competent.
47.Surah Muĥammad (Verse 38)
هَا أَنتُمْ هَٰؤُلَاءِ تُدْعَوْنَ لِتُنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَمِنكُم مَّن يَبْخَلُۖ وَمَن يَبْخَلْ فَإِنَّمَا يَبْخَلُ عَن نَّفْسِهِۚ وَاللَّهُ الْغَنِيُّ وَأَنتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُۚ وَإِن تَتَوَلَّوْا يَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُونُوا أَمْثَالَكُم
Here you are – those invited to spend in the cause of Allah – but among you are those who withhold. And whoever withholds only withholds from himself; and Allah is the Free of need, while you are the needy. And if you turn away, He will replace you with another people; then they will not be the likes of you.
So, Allah says to Iblees:
7.Surah Al-‘A`rāf (Verse 12)
قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَلَّا تَسْجُدَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَۖ قَالَ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ
He [Allah] said, “What prevented you from yielding when I commanded you?” he [Satan/Iblees] said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”
Note: There are some who refuse to believe that Iblees was a Malak (often translated as angel).
Take a close look at the wording here:
He [Allah] said, “What prevented you from yielding when I commanded you?”
Who did Allah command to yield to Adam?
And [mention] when We said to the Malā’ikah, “Yield before Adam”
Do you still believe Iblees was not a Malak? Do you still believe that Malā’ikah are a species of creation?
In another ayat:
38.Surah Şād (Verse 76)
قَالَ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُۖ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ
He said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”
In another ayat:
17.Surah Al-‘Isrā’ (Verse 61)
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ قَالَ أَأَسْجُدُ لِمَنْ خَلَقْتَ طِينًا
And [mention] when We said to the Malā’ikah, “Yield to Adam,” and they yielded, except for Iblees. He said, “Should I yield to one You created from clay?”
Further details are provided as to the nature of the clay.
Clay Like Pottery (Śalšālin ka-l-Fujjār):
55.Surah Ar-Raĥmān (Verse 14)
خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِن صَلْصَالٍ كَالْفَخَّارِ
He created man from clay like pottery.
Sticky Clay (Tīn Lāzim):
37.Surah Aş-Şāffāt (Verse 11)
فَاسْتَفْتِهِمْ أَهُمْ أَشَدُّ خَلْقًا أَم مَّنْ خَلَقْنَاۚ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُم مِّن طِينٍ لَّازِبٍ
Then inquire of them, [O Muhammad], “Are they a stronger / more difficult creation or those [others] We have created?” Indeed, We created them [i.e., men] from sticky clay.
Altered Black Mud (Śalšālin min Hamā’in Masnūnin):
15.Surah Al-Ĥijr (Verse 28)
وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي خَالِقٌ بَشَرًا مِّن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ
And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the Malā’ikah, “I will create a human being (bashar) out of clay (min salsālin) from an altered black mud (min hamā’in masnūnin).
Allah questions Iblees’ refusal to yield to Adam:
15.Surah Al-Ĥijr (Verse 32)
قَالَ يَا إِبْلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلَّا تَكُونَ مَعَ السَّاجِدِينَ
[Allah] said, “O Iblees, what is [the matter] with you that you are not with those who yield?”
15.Surah Al-Ĥijr (Verse 33)
قَالَ لَمْ أَكُن لِّأَسْجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقْتَهُ مِن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ
He said, “Never would I yield to a human (bashar) whom You created out of clay (min śalśālin) from an altered black mud (min hamā’in masnūnin).”
By now you are probably wondering how one story can be related in so many different ways? One ayat says that Adam was created from Tīn, another ayat says Śalśāl. One ayat says clay like pottery, another says Altered Black Mud. Which one is it? All of them, because these are all metaphors being used to describe something metaphysical, not physical.
In the metaphysical world, time and space are not factors like they are in the physical. Therefore, even the method of communication between beings is non-physical, in other words it is psychic communication where thoughts and emotions are conveyed as one and cannot be concealed. These are psychic communications where thoughts and emotions are relayed together as one message, thus all of these expressions are from the psychic communication, and the thoughts and emotions which were felt by some of the Malā’ikah were visible, in the open, plain to see.
The ayats above illustrate the first instance of blatant racism in the history of modern man (Al-Insān).
In the ayats above, Allah says that He created Adam from clay and Iblees from fire, but what kind of fire?
1). Scorching Fire (Nār As-Samūm), i.e. fire that scorches when in contact with something else.
15.Surah Al-Ĥijr (Verse 27)
وَالْجَانَّ خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن قَبْلُ مِن نَّارِ السَّمُومِ
And Al-Jānn (prototype), We created before from scorching fire (Nār As-Samūm).
The word As-Samūm (scorching) is also used here:
52.Surah Aţ-Ţūr (Verse 27)
فَمَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا وَوَقَانَا عَذَابَ السَّمُومِ
So Allah conferred favor upon us and protected us from the punishment of the Scorching Fire (Nār As-Samūm).
56.Surah Al-Wāqi`ah (Verse 42)
فِي سَمُومٍ وَحَمِيمٍ
[They will be] in a Samūm (that which scorches something) and Hameem (that which is scalding).
v. scorched, scorch·ing, scorch·es
1. To burn superficially so as to discolor or damage the texture of. See Synonyms at burn1.
2. To wither or parch with intense heat.
3. To destroy (land and buildings) by or as if by fire so as to leave nothing salvageable to an enemy army.
4. To subject to severe censure; excoriate.
1. To become scorched or singed.
2. To go or move at a very fast, often excessively fast rate.
1. A slight or surface burn.
2. A discoloration caused by heat.
3. Brown spotting on plant leaves caused by fungi, heat, or lack of water.
[Middle English scorchen, possibly of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Norse skorpna, to shrink, be shriveled.]
In order for something to be scorching, it must come into contact with something and scorch it. What did the scorching fire come into contact with in the creation of the Jānn prototype? We will get to that, Allah willing.
2). The Smokeless Flame of Fire (Mārijin min Al-Nār), i.e. intense heat.
55.Surah Ar-Raĥmān (Verse 15)
وَخَلَقَ الْجَانَّ مِن مَّارِجٍ مِّن نَّارٍ
And He created Al-Jānn (prototype) from a smokeless flame (min Mārijin) of fire (min Nārin).
The word ‘Mārijan’ comes from Miim-Ra-Jiim = pasture, maraja = mixed (one thing with another), flow & flow freely (as separate entities), set forth, mariija = marred / spoiled / corrupted / impaired / disturbed / unsteady / confused.
50.Surah Qāf (Verse 5)
بَلْ كَذَّبُوا بِالْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ فَهُمْ فِي أَمْرٍ مَّرِيجٍ
But they denied the truth when it came to them, so they are in a confused condition (mareejan).
In other words, Al-Jānn was created out of a substance that was scorched by intense, jumbled, free-flowing heat. What was the substance? Perhaps there is a clue in the Qur’an….?
28.Surah Al-Qaşaş (Verse 38)
وَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ مَا عَلِمْتُ لَكُم مِّنْ إِلَٰهٍ غَيْرِي فَأَوْقِدْ لِي يَا هَامَانُ عَلَى الطِّينِ فَاجْعَل لِّي صَرْحًا لَّعَلِّي أَطَّلِعُ إِلَىٰ إِلَٰهِ مُوسَىٰ وَإِنِّي لَأَظُنُّهُ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
And Pharaoh said, “O eminent ones, I have not known you to have a god other than me. Then ignite for me, O Haman, a fire upon the clay (‘alā Al-Tīn) and make for me a tower that I may look at the God of Moses. And indeed, I do think he is among the liars.”
TO ALLAH BELONGS ALL KNOWLEDGE!